As with all new skills, learning to read is a process that requires practice. First, a person learns to read a word accurately. With practice, he becomes fluent, adding more expression and achieving better comprehension. But when dyslexia is added to the mix, practice is not just required, it is critical.
The difference is in how the brain works. A nondyslexic reader activates the front and back parts of the left-brain when reading—the side associated with language processing and reading—helping him associate words and sounds quickly and efficiently. Read more
When a child has dyslexia, the child’s brain has difficulty matching sounds with letters, so reading and writing also become difficult. In addition, the skills needed to learn these basics—accurate and/or fluent word recognition and good spelling and decoding abilities—don’t come naturally.
The most effective antidote? Early diagnosis and intervention. Dyslexia can be diagnosed as early as age 3, especially if it runs in the family and there is an awareness of the symptoms. Ideally, it would be caught by kindergarten or first grade, before the gap widens between the dyslexic student and the student’s peers. Read more